Macular Degeneration Management

Macular Degeneration

Macular

Macular degeneration, commonly referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is the single largest cause of sight loss in the developed world and affects more than 10 million Americans. It usually affects people over the age of 60 but has been known to affect those who are younger. It is a painless condition that usually affects both eyes with the loss being experienced in the central vision. It does not affect the peripheral vision, meaning that it does not cause total blindness.

What is macular?

The macula is the most sensitive part of the retina and is responsible for our central vision and what allows us to see fine details with clarity.


Dry AMD

Dry AMD is the most common variety of age-related macular degeneration and is a gradual deterioration of the retina as the cells die off over time and are not regenerated. Up to 15% of people with dry AMD go on to develop wet AMD, and so any sudden changes in your vision should be followed up with Dr. Gunnell.

Symptoms of macular degeneration

Macular degeneration affects each person differently, which means that it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose, particularly as you may not notice any change in your vision early on in the condition. However, as the cells deteriorate, you will start to see an increasing range of symptoms, including:

  • Distortion or bends in what should be straight lines (such as lampposts or door frames)

  • Dark spots in your central vision

  • Fading colors

  • Difficulty adapting from dark to light environments

  • Blurred vision

  • Objects may appear to change shape, size or color, or may move or disappear

  • Bright lights may be difficult to tolerate

  • Words may disappear while you are reading


Is there any way I can reduce my risk of developing AMD?

Unfortunately, there is no clear reason as to what triggers the process that causes macular degeneration. However, you are at an increased risk if you have a family history of the condition, or if you are over 60.

Experts suggest that the best thing you can do to minimize any potential risk is to ensure that you live a healthy, active lifestyle. You can do this by:

  • Stopping smoking

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables

  • Moderating your alcohol consumption

  • Maintaining a healthy weight

  • Getting regular exercise

There is also some limited research that suggests that eating leafy, green vegetables can slow the deterioration of vision in cases of dry AMD.

Treatment for AMD

Sadly, there is currently no cure for either a variety of AMD. In the case of dry AMD, the treatments suggested are done so with the aim of aiding the patient to make the most of their remaining vision. This can include things such as using magnifying glasses to help with reading.

​​​​​​​If you have any questions or concerns regarding macular degeneration, we highly recommend that you speak with Dr. Gunnell who will be happy to assist you.

Roya1234 Pink Eye 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM 8:30 AM - 12:00 PM Closed Closed optometrist # # # https://www.google.com/maps/place/Maplewood+EyeCare+Center/@33.8729484,-98.5295878,18.91z/data=!4m13!1m7!3m6!1s0x865321ccc7abe285:0x20c93ec7ae9165f9!2s3631+Maplewood+Ave+STE+2,+Wichita+Falls,+TX+76308,+USA!3b1!8m2!3d33.8728695!4d-98.5290011!3m4!1s0x865321ccc7abce67:0xbb4d6ed6eb0d4bb1!8m2!3d33.8729939!4d-98.5294582